Laura Ballerini graduated (MD) at the Università di Firenze, Italy in 1988. She was a Postdoctoral fellow (Physiology Department) at UCL (London, UK) from 1991 and later became assistant professor of Physiology at the Biophysics Sector of the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA-ISAS) of Trieste, Italy in 1995. In 2002 Laura Ballerini became associate professor of Physiology at the Life Science Department, Università di Trieste, Italy, where in 2012 she became full professor of Physiology and from January 2016 to date she is chair professor of physiology at SISSA. She has provided important contribution to the understanding of spinal network physiology, plasticity and development. Recently, she has been working on the interactions between living neurons and micro-nano fabricated substrates or bioactive-composite containing carbon nanotubes. The scientific strategy at the core of these activities is the convergence between nanotechnology, chemistry and neurobiology.